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Arjun Sood, Luz Gordillo; Causes of Severe Visual Impairment and Blindness in Children in Lima, Peru. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):6300.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To determine the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness (SVI/BL) in children in Lima, Peru, and to compare the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) to previous reports.
Children attending schools for the blind in Lima, Peru were examined in 2013. Data was collected using the WHO Childhood Blindness Software.
63 children were identified with SVI/BL. The major anatomical site of SVI/BL was the retina (43.5%). The major underlying etiology of SVI/BL was undetermined in 58.7%% and perinatal factors in 31.7%. ROP accounted for 28.5% of SVI/BL.
More than one-third of causes of SVI/BL are potentially avoidable, with ROP being a leading cause. The prevalence of ROP in Lima has increased as compared to studies conducted in 1999 (16%) and 2005 (24%).
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
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