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Soo Hyun Seo, Man Jin Kim, Sung Wook Park, Jeong Hun Kim, Young Suk Yu, Ji Yun Song, Sung Im Cho, Joo Hyun Ahn, Yeon Hee Oh, Jee-Soo Lee, Seungjun Lee, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park, Ji Yeon Kim; Large Deletions of TSPAN12 Cause Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(15):6902-6908. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20585.
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Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a rare, hereditary visual disorder. The gene TSPAN12 is associated with autosomal dominant inheritance of FEVR. The prevalence and impact of large deletions/duplications of TSPAN12 on FEVR patients is unknown. To glean better insight of TSPAN12 on FEVR pathology, herein, we describe three FEVR patients with TSPAN12 deletions.
Thirty-three Korean FEVR patients, who previously screened negative for TSPAN12 mutations, mutations in other FEVR-associated genes such as NDP, FZD4, LRP5, and large deletions and duplications of NDP, FZD4, and LRP5, were selected for TSPAN12 large deletion and duplication analyses. Semiquantitative multiplex PCR for TSPAN12 gene dosage analyses were performed, followed by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for validation.
Among the 33 patients, three patients were confirmed to carry large TSPAN12 deletions. Two of them had whole-gene deletions of TSPAN12, and the other patient possessed a deletion of TSPAN12 in exon 4. FEVR severity detected in these patients was not more severe than in a patient with TSPAN12 point mutation.
Regarding previously reported proportions of FEVR-associated genes contributing to the disorder's autosomal dominant inheritance pattern in Korea, we determined that patients with TSPAN12 large deletions were more common than patients with single nucleotide variants in TSPAN12. Evaluating TSPAN12 large deletions and duplications should be considered in FEVR screening and diagnosis as well as in routine genetic workups for FEVR patients.
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