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Jingjing Li, Jinrong Li, Zidong Chen, Jing Liu, Junpeng Yuan, Xiaoxiao Cai, Daming Deng, Minbin Yu; Spatial and Global Sensory Suppression Mapping Encompassing the Central 10° Field in Anisometropic Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(1):481-491. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20298.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We investigate the efficacy of a novel dichoptic mapping paradigm in evaluating visual function of anisometropic amblyopes.
Using standard clinical measures of visual function (visual acuity, stereo acuity, Bagolini lenses, and neutral density filters) and a novel quantitative mapping technique, 26 patients with anisometropic amblyopia (mean age = 19.15 ± 4.42 years) were assessed. Two additional psychophysical interocular suppression measurements were tested with dichoptic global motion coherence and binocular phase combination tasks. Luminance reduction was achieved by placing neutral density filters in front of the normal eye.
Our study revealed that suppression changes across the central 10° visual field by mean luminance modulation in amblyopes as well as normal controls. Using simulation and an elimination of interocular suppression, we identified a novel method to effectively reflect the distribution of suppression in anisometropic amblyopia. Additionally, the new quantitative mapping technique was in good agreement with conventional clinical measures, such as interocular acuity difference (P < 0.001) and stereo acuity (P = 0.005). There was a good consistency between the results of interocular suppression with dichoptic mapping paradigm and the results of the other two psychophysical methods (suppression mapping versus binocular phase combination, P < 0.001; suppression mapping versus global motion coherence, P = 0.005).
The dichoptic suppression mapping technique is an effective method to represent impaired visual function in patients with anisometropic amblyopia. It offers a potential in “micro-”antisuppression mapping tests and therapies for amblyopia.
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