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Atsuya Miki, Naoyuki Maeda, Yasushi Ikuno, Tomoko Asai, Chikako Hara, Kohji Nishida; Factors Associated With Corneal Deformation Responses Measured With a Dynamic Scheimpflug Analyzer. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(1):538-544. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-21045.
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The purpose of this study was to clarify correlations between corneal deformation parameters measured with a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer and baseline factors such as axial length, intraocular pressure (IOP), age, central corneal thickness (CCT), and corneal curvature.
Ninety-six eyes of 96 healthy subjects (mean 55.2 ± 16.1 years of age) were examined using a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer. Eighteen of 35 deformation parameters were selected for analyses based on measurement reliability and clinical relevance. The associations between corneal deformation parameters and axial length, IOP, age, CCT, and average corneal power were evaluated using multivariate regression analyses.
Deformation parameters were correlated significantly with axial length (n = 13), IOP (n = 13), age (n = 8), and CCT (n = 6) in the multivariate models. Longer axial length corresponded with greater corneal deformability, less viscous damping, and less movement of the entire eye. Higher IOP was associated with greater corneal resistance and less movement of the entire eye. Older age was associated with less corneal deformability and greater movement of the entire eye. Corneal curvature was correlated significantly with only three deformation parameters.
This study clarified the substantial impact of axial length, age, and IOP on the biomechanical responses of the cornea and the entire eye. In contrast, corneal curvature did not affect most of the deformation parameters. The current results confirmed the importance of corneal biomechanics, especially in eyes with longer axial length and in older subjects.
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