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Li Ma, Marten E. Brelen, Motokazu Tsujikawa, Haoyu Chen, Wai Kit Chu, Timothy Y. Y. Lai, Danny S. C. Ng, Kaori Sayanagi, Chicako Hara, Noriyasu Hashida, Vesta C. K. Chan, Pancy O. S. Tam, Alvin L. Young, Weiqi Chen, Kohji Nishida, Chi Pui Pang, Li Jia Chen; Identification of ANGPT2 as a New Gene for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in the Chinese and Japanese Populations. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(2):1076-1083. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20575.
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We determine the angiopoietin 2 (ANGPT2) gene as a new susceptibility gene for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).
A total of 34 haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were first genotyped in an exploratory Hong Kong Chinese cohort. Suggestive SNPs were replicated in a Shantou Chinese cohort and an Osaka Japanese cohort, with a total of 2343 subjects. The SNP rs800292 in the complement factor H (CFH) gene was genotyped in all the subjects. Genetic association and gene–gene interaction were analyzed.
In the Hong Kong cohort, four SNPs in ANGPT2 (rs13255574, rs4455855, rs13269021, and rs11775442) were nominally associated with nAMD and PCV. The four ANGPT2 SNPs showed the same trends of association in the Shantou and Osaka cohorts. Combining the data from the 3 study cohorts revealed that SNPs rs4455855 and rs13269021 achieved study-wise significance (P < 0.0016), conferring an approximately 1.3-fold of increased risk for nAMD and PCV. Interaction analysis revealed the CFH SNP rs800292 has a highly significant interaction with the ANGPT2 SNP rs13269021 in nAMD and PCV in the combined analysis. Subsequent stratification analysis confirmed the interaction.
This study reveals ANGPT2 as a new susceptibility gene for nAMD and PCV, and it may affect disease susceptibility in association with CFH. Thus, this report provides new insights into the genetic architecture of nAMD and PCV.
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