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Maria Satue, Maria J. Rodrigo, Javier Obis, Elisa Vilades, Hector Gracia, Sofia Otin, Maria I. Fuertes, Raquel Alarcia, Jose A. Crespo, Vicente Polo, Jose M. Larrosa, Luis E. Pablo, Elena Garcia-Martin; Evaluation of Progressive Visual Dysfunction and Retinal Degeneration in Patients With Parkinson's Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(2):1151-1157. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20460.
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To quantify changes in visual function parameters and in the retinal nerve fiber layer and macular thickness over a 5-year period in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).
Thirty patients with PD and 30 healthy subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation, including assessment of visual acuity, contrast sensitivity vision, color vision, and retinal evaluation with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). All subjects were reevaluated after 5 years to quantify changes in visual function parameters, the retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular thickness. Association between progressive ophthalmologic changes and disease progression was analyzed.
Changes were detected in visual function parameters and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients compared with controls. Greater changes were found during the follow-up in the PD group than healthy subjects in visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, Lanthony color test (P < 0.016), in superotemporal and temporal retinal nerve fiber layer sectors (P < 0.001), and in macular thickness (all sectors except inner superior and inner inferior sectors, P < 0.001). Progressive changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer were associated with disease progression (r = 0.389, P = 0.028).
Progressive visual dysfunction, macular thinning, and axonal loss can be detected in PD. Analysis of the macular thickness and the retinal nerve fiber layer by SD-OCT can be useful for evaluating Parkinson's disease progression.
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