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Miguel Nicolas Cruz Pimentel, Joaquín Lora, Miguel Angel López, Yazmín Báez, Erick Hernandez-Bogantes; Short-term outcomes of sutured versus sutureless scleral fixated intraocular lenses. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):1163.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare short-term visual and anatomical outcomes of two distinct techniques of scleral fixation of intraocular lenses (IOLs).
An interventional, retrospective, comparative case series of 15 eyes with aphakia after cataract extraction or trauma who had scleral-fixated IOL surgery from November 2015 to November 2016 was performed. All patients had surgery in a tertiary referral center in the Dominican Republic with at least 3 months of follow-up. The images were captured using an anterior segment optic coherence tomography (Visante, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA). Tilt and decentration measurements were performed with the Image J software. The 3 Point Region of Interest plug-in was used to delineate the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lens. The main outcome measures were the IOL decentration, tilting and the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).
A total of 15 cases were analyzed with a mean follow-up of 12.6 ± 18.99 months. Decentration and inclination in the sutureless scleral fixated (n= 11) and sutured scleral fixated (n=4) were (494 microns ± 710 vs. 328 microns ± 2.4, p = 0.514) and (2.9°± 2.7 vs. 2.23° ± 2.5, p = 0.660), respectively. As for visual acuity, the sutureless scleral fixated group had a BCVA of 0.44 logMAR and the sutured scleral fixated group was 0.43 logMAR (p = 0.918). Complications were reported only in the sutureless scleral fixated IOL being cystoid macular edema the most common complication (n=3).
Our short-term results demonstrate that sutured fixated IOL had less position changes. Both sutured and sutureless techniques resulted in good visual outcomes.
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.
Mean Values Of Best Visual Corrected Acuity in Each Group
Diagram of IOL position calculation by AS-OCT images using the IMAGE J software
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