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Anne P. Runkle, Peter K. Kaiser, Sunil K. Srivastava, Andrew P. Schachat, Jamie L. Reese, Justis P. Ehlers; OCT Angiography and Ellipsoid Zone Mapping of Macular Telangiectasia Type 2 From the AVATAR Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(9):3683-3689. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20976.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate alterations on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and quantitatively assess alterations in the ellipsoid zone (EZ) in eyes with macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel type 2).
The Observational Assessment of Visualizing and Analyzing Vessels With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Retinal Diseases study is an institutional review board-approved prospective, observational study investigating OCT-A in macular disease. Patients underwent spectral-domain (SD)-OCT and OCT-A imaging at a single visit. SD-OCT data were analyzed using a novel OCT EZ-mapping software to obtain linear, area, and volumetric measurements of the EZ-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) complex across the macular cube. OCT-A retinal capillary density was measured using the Optovue Avanti split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm. EZ-RPE parameters were compared to age-matched, sex-matched controls.
Fourteen eyes of seven patients (mean age, 59 ± 6.5 years) were analyzed. Mean visual acuity was 20/45 (range, 20/20–20/150). EZ-RPE central foveal mean thickness was 27.8 ± 6.7 μm, EZ-RPE central foveal thickness was 22.1 ± 21.6 μm, EZ-RPE central foveal area was 0.17 ± 0.04 mm2, and EZ-RPE central subfield volume was 0.017 ± 0.012 mm3. Each of these measurements was significantly inversely correlated with visual acuity (P < 0.02). In addition, all of these measurements were significantly reduced compared to controls (all P ≤ 0.005). OCT-A showed a reduced parafoveal vessel density of 50.8% temporally compared to 53.8% nasally (P = 0.01) in the superficial vascular plexus. In the deep vascular plexus, similar findings were noted with a parafoveal vessel density of 56.7% temporally and 58.8% nasally (P = 0.01).
Abnormalities in EZ-RPE thickness, area, and volume are correlated with visual acuity in MacTel type 2, and may provide quantitative markers to measure disease progression and treatment response. OCT-A was a useful adjunct for determining disease severity.
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