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Yi-Chen Sun, Hau-Min Liou, Po-Ting Yeh, Wei-Li Chen, Fung-Rong Hu; Monocarboxylate Transporters Mediate Fluorescein Uptake in Corneal Epithelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(9):3716-3722. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20998.
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To determine the presence of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) in human and rabbit corneal epithelium and its role in transcellular fluorescein transportation in the cornea.
The presence of MCTs in human and rabbit corneal epithelium was determined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Intracellular fluorescein uptake experiment was performed using cultured human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs). The involvement of MCT in fluorescein uptake was determined by addition of MCT inhibitors to HCECs and acute dry eye model on New Zealand albino rabbits by spectrophotometry, corneal impression cytology, and external eye photographs.
MCT-1 and MCT-4 were identified in both human and rabbit corneal epithelia. A longer treatment period and a lower pH value in culture medium increased fluorescein uptake in HCECs. Fluorescein uptake in HCECs was decreased following addition of MCT inhibitors in a concentration-dependent manner. Impression cytology under fluorescent microscopy showed intracellular fluorescein staining in the rabbit cornea with acute dry eye treatment that was decreased following topical treatment of MCT inhibitors.
Fluorescein ingress in corneal epithelial cells is mediated by the MCT family. Further study of MCT-mediated transport on HCECs may potentially benefit differential diagnosis and contribute better understandings of ocular surface disorders.
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