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Liwei Zhang, Guangyu Li, Meng Shi, Hsin-Hua Liu, Shaokui Ge, Yvonne Ou, John G. Flanagan, Lu Chen; Establishment and Characterization of an Acute Model of Ocular Hypertension by Laser-Induced Occlusion of Episcleral Veins. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(10):3879-3886. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20807.
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This study was designed to develop and characterize a laser-induced model of acute intraocular hypertension that permits the study of the anterior segment of the eye.
CD1 mice aged 5 and 8 weeks were examined for elevation of IOP induced by laser photocoagulation. We compared between occlusion of episcleral veins alone and when combined with 270° limbal vessel occlusion. Anterior chamber angle, corneal thickness, and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness were evaluated by anterior- and posterior-segment optical coherence tomography (OCT). Additionally, at day 7 post-procedure, the anterior segment was evaluated for inflammatory cellular presentation by histologic analysis and OCT, and limbal vessels and whole-mount retina were immunostained for CD31 and Brn3a, respectively. Brn3a-positive retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) were quantified with ImageJ software.
After single or combined laser treatment in mice aged 5 or 8 weeks, IOP was significantly elevated for 5 to 6 days before returning to the baseline by day 7 post-procedure. Anterior segment assessment indicated less synechiae in the anterior chamber angle and better preserved limbal vessels with single versus combined laser treatment. Corneal thickness was significantly increased after single or combined treatment. No inflammatory cells were detected in the anterior chamber. The thickness of the RNFL and the density of RGCs were both significantly reduced after single or combined treatment.
Laser photocoagulation of episcleral veins alone in CD1 mice aged 5 to 8 weeks may be used to induce ocular hypertension resulting in RNFL thinning and ganglion cell loss. This model permits the study of the anterior as well as the posterior segment of the eye.
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