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Zhihui Guo, Young H. Kwon, Kyungmoo Lee, Kai Wang, Andreas Wahle, Wallace L. M. Alward, John H. Fingert, Daniel I. Bettis, Chris A. Johnson, Mona K. Garvin, Milan Sonka, Michael D. Abràmoff; Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis Based Prediction of Humphrey 24-2 Visual Field Thresholds in Patients With Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(10):3975-3985. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-21832.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
A pilot study showed that prediction of individual Humphrey 24-2 visual field (HVF 24-2) sensitivity thresholds from optical coherence tomography (OCT) image analysis is possible. We evaluate performance of an improved approach as well as 3 other predictive algorithms on a new, fully independent set of glaucoma subjects.
Subjects underwent HVF 24-2 and 9-field OCT (Heidelberg Spectralis) testing. Nerve fiber (NFL), and ganglion cell and inner plexiform (GCL+IPL) layers were cosegmented and partitioned into 52 sectors matching HVF 24-2 test locations. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied to test correlation R, root mean square error (RMSE), and limits of agreement (LoA) between actual and predicted thresholds for four prediction models. The training data consisted of the 9-field OCT and HVF 24-2 thresholds of 111 glaucoma patients from our pilot study.
We studied 112 subjects (112 eyes) with early, moderate, or advanced primary and secondary open angle glaucoma. Subjects with less than 9 scans (15/112) or insufficient quality segmentations (11/97) were excluded. Retinal ganglion cell axonal complex (RGC-AC) optimized had superior average R = 0.74 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67–0.76) and RMSE = 5.42 (95% CI, 5.1–5.7) dB, which was significantly better (P < 0.05/3) than the other three models: Naïve (R = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.44–0.54; RMSE = 7.24 dB; 95% CI, 6.6–7.8 dB), Garway-Heath (R = 0.66; 95% CI, 0.60–0.68; RMSE = 6.07 dB; 95% CI, 5.7–6.5 dB), and Donut (R = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.61–0.69; RMSE = 6.08 dB, 95% CI, 5.8–6.4 dB).
The proposed RGC-AC optimized predictive algorithm based on 9-field OCT image analysis and the RGC-AC concept is superior to previous methods and its performance is close to the reproducibility of HVF 24-2.
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