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Sophie Klimscha, Sebastian M. Waldstein, Thomas Schlegl, Hrvoje Bogunović, Amir Sadeghipour, Ana-Maria Philip, Dominika Podkowinski, Eleonore Pablik, Li Zhang, Michael D. Abramoff, Milan Sonka, Bianca S. Gerendas, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth; Spatial Correspondence Between Intraretinal Fluid, Subretinal Fluid, and Pigment Epithelial Detachment in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(10):4039-4048. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-20201.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To identify the spatial distribution of exudative features of choroidal neovascularization in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) based on the localization of intraretinal cystoid fluid (IRC), subretinal fluid (SRF), and pigment-epithelial detachment (PED).
This retrospective cross-sectional study included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography volume scans (6 × 6 mm) of 1341 patients with treatment-naïve nAMD. IRC, SRF, and PED were detected on a per-voxel basis using fully automated segmentation algorithms. Two subsets of 37 volumes each were manually segmented to validate the automated results. The spatial correspondence of components was quantified by computing proportions of IRC-, SRF-, or PED-presenting A-scans simultaneously affected by the respective other pathomorphologic components on a per-patient basis. The median across the population is reported. Odds ratios between pairs of lesions were calculated and tested for significance pixel wise.
Automated image segmentation was successful in 1182 optical coherence tomography volumes, yielding more than 61 million A-scans for analysis. Overall, 81% of eyes showed IRC, 95% showed SRF, and 92% showed PED. IRC-presenting A-scans also showed SRF in a median 2.5%, PED in 32.9%. Of the SRF-presenting A-scans, 0.3% demonstrated IRC, 1.4% PED. Of the PED-presenting A-scans, 5.2% contained IRC, 2.0% SRF. Similar patterns were observed in the manually segmented subsets and via pixel-wise odds ratio analysis.
Automated analyses of large-scale datasets in a cross-sectional study of 1182 patients with active treatment-naïve nAMD demonstrated low spatial correlation of SRF with IRC and PED in contrast to increased colocalization of IRC and PED. These morphological associations may contribute to our understanding of functional deficits in nAMD.
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