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Miao He, Wei Wang, Wenyong Huang; Variations and Trends in Health Burden of Visual Impairment Due to Cataract: A Global Analysis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(10):4299-4306. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-21459.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate the global trends in health burden of people visually impaired from cataract in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) and its correlations with national levels of socioeconomic development.
Global, regional, and national DALY numbers, crude rate, and age-standardized rate of cataract vision loss by age and sex were obtained from the database of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The human development index, per capita gross domestic product, and other country-level data were derived from international open databases. Regression analysis was used to assess the correlations between age-standardized DALY rate and socioeconomic variables.
The global DALY numbers of cataract vision loss increased by 89.42%, from 2048.18 (95%CI [confidence interval]: 1457.60–2761.80) thousands in 1990 to 3879.74 (95% CI: 2766.07–5232.43) thousands in 2015 (P < 0.001). Females had higher DALY number 315.83 (95%CI: 237.17–394.4) and crude rate 38.29 (95%CI: 35.35–41.23) after adjusting for age and country (all P < 0.001). The age-standardized DALY rate was higher in countries with low human development index (HDI), with 91.03 (95%CI: 73.04–108.75) for low HDI, 81.67 (95%CI: 53.24–108.82) for medium HDI, 55.89 (95%CI: 36.87–69.63) for high HDI, and 17.10 (95%CI: 13.91–26.84) for very high HDI countries (P < 0.01), respectively. The national age-standardized DALY rates in 2015 were negatively associated with both HDI (R2 = 0.489, P < 0.001) and per capita gross domestic product (R2 = 0.331, P < 0.001). Stepwise multiple regression showed that HDI was significantly correlated with national age-standardized DALY rates in 2015 after adjusting for other confounding factors (P < 0.001).
The global health burden of vision loss due to cataract increased between 1990 and 2015 despite considerable efforts from the World Health Organization and VISION 2020 initiatives.
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