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Ji Eun Lee, Hee Kyung Yang, Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang; Ocular Torsion According to Trochlear Nerve Absence in Unilateral Superior Oblique Palsy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(12):5526-5531. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22452.
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To investigate the relationship between objective ocular torsion and the presence or absence of the trochlear nerve in subjects with unilateral superior oblique palsy (SOP).
A total of 159 subjects with congenital and acquired unilateral SOP were reviewed. Eighty-four subjects who had a normal trochlear nerve (present group) and 75 subjects without a trochlear nerve (absent group) were included. Cyclovertical motility parameters and objective ocular torsion were compared between groups, and factors related to ocular torsion were evaluated.
The degree of “net” excyclotorsion in the paretic eye was larger in the absent group compared to the present group (P = 0.002). The proportion of net excyclotorsion in the paretic eye was greater in the absent group (11% vs. 37%), while net incyclotorsion was greater in the present group (41% vs. 23%) (P < 0.001). Net excyclotorsion of the paretic eye was associated with absence of the trochlear nerve (P < 0.001) and smaller size of the paretic SO (P < 0.001). Net incyclotorsion of the paretic eye was related with a normal trochlear nerve (P = 0.005), larger size of the paretic SO (P = 0.002), and greater hypertropia during ipsilateral gaze (P = 0.024).
The status of the trochlear nerve, paretic SO size, and hypertropia during ipsilateral gaze which reflects the tensile strength of the ipsilateral superior rectus, significantly contribute to ocular torsion in unilateral SOP.
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