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Benedicte Lescrauwaet, Luc Duchateau, Thomas Verstraeten, Timothy L. Jackson; Visual Function Response to Ocriplasmin for the Treatment of Vitreomacular Traction and Macular Hole: The OASIS Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(13):5842-5848. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22363.
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To assess the effect of ocriplasmin on visual function response (VFR) measured using visual acuity (VA) and vision-related quality of life, and to quantify the association between release of vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) at day 28 and VFR.
Prespecified analysis of secondary endpoints from a randomized controlled trial. Of 220 participants with symptomatic VMA/vitreomacular traction (VMT), including VMT associated with a macular hole up to 400 μm, 146 received a single intravitreal injection of 125 μg ocriplasmin and 74 a sham injection. Based on principal components analysis results, a VFR was defined as either a VA improvement of ≥2 lines or an improvement exceeding the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in the composite or the mental health subscale scores of the Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25). The MCID was estimated using the standard error of measurement approach. The main outcome measure was the VFR at month 6, with further assessments at months 12 and 24.
The MCID was estimated at 3.71 points for the VFQ-25 composite score and 10.71 for the VFQ-25 mental health subscale score. A VFR occurred in 51.0% of ocriplasmin versus 23.3% of sham participants (P = 0.0001). The VFR was maintained through months 12 and 24: 53.1% and 50.3% in ocriplasmin versus 21.9% and 20.5% in sham participants, respectively (P < 0.0001). Resolution of VMA at day 28 significantly increased the odds of a VFR at each assessment period.
Treatment with ocriplasmin compared with sham resulted in a significant improvement in VFR. The 6-month treatment effect was sustained at months 12 and 24.
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