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Shuyu Xiong, Bo Zhang, Yuan Hong, Xiangui He, Jianfeng Zhu, Haidong Zou, Xun Xu; The Associations of Lens Power With Age and Axial Length in Healthy Chinese Children and Adolescents Aged 6 to 18 Years. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(13):5849-5855. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22639.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the relationship between lens power and age as well as the relationship between lens power and axial length (AL) in Chinese children and adolescents.
The participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination that included AL, cycloplegic refraction, and Pentacam measurements. The crystalline lens power was calculated using Bennett's formula and then compared among the children of different age groups, refractive statuses, and AL categories. The association of lens power and AL was analyzed using multiple regression.
A total of 1992 children and adolescents aged 6- to 18-years old were included. The difference in lens power was greater before 10-years old, followed by a relatively smaller difference in children aged 10 to 14 years and the difference in lens power came to a near plateau in adolescents after 14-years old. The negative association between lens power and AL was found to be more evident in nonmyopes than in myopes irrespective of age (younger than 10 years: nonmyopes: β = −1.499, myopes: β = −0.872; older than 10 years: nonmyopes: β = −1.288, myopes: β = −0.390, all P < 0.001).
The lens power in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years exhibited three stages. The association between lens power and AL differed between the nonmyopes and myopes. These findings suggested that less reduction in lens power might be associated with both growing age and increasing AL in myopes.
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