Purchase this article with an account.
Yanhong Hou, Viet Nhat Hung Le, Thomas Clahsen, Ann-Charlott Schneider, Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen; Photodynamic Therapy Leads to Time-Dependent Regression of Pathologic Corneal (Lymph) Angiogenesis and Promotes High-Risk Corneal Allograft Survival. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(13):5862-5869. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-22904.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Pathologic corneal (lymph) angiogenesis is a known risk factor for immune-mediated allograft rejections after corneal transplantation. However, there is no established treatment to regress pre-existing pathological corneal blood and lymphatic vessels. This study assessed the possibility to regress both vessel types by photodynamic therapy (PDT) after intravenous (i.v.) verteporfin injection, the influence of timing of PDT after verteporfin injection, and the effect on graft survival in high-risk keratoplasty.
BALB/c mice were used for suture-induced inflammatory corneal neovascularization to induce combined hem- and lymphangiogenesis. The treated group received PDT 3 minutes, 1 hour, and 24 hours after an i.v. verteporfin injection (control group: phosphate buffered saline). Corneal flatmounts were excised 3 days, 1 week, and 2 weeks after corneal PDT and stained with cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) and lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1 antibodies (LYVE-1) to quantify hem- and lymphangiogenesis. Graft survival rates were compared between high-risk recipients with and without preoperative PDT.
Corneal blood vessels were significantly reduced when PDT was performed 3 minutes after i.v. verteporfin injection, whereas lymphatic vessels showed no significant difference. Both blood and lymphatic vessels were regressed when PDT was performed 1 hour or 24 hours after i.v. verteporfin application. Long-term allograft survival increased significantly in PDT-pretreated eyes when compared with controls.
PDT after i.v. verteporfin injection can selectively regress pre-existing corneal blood vessels or both blood and lymphatic vessels depending on the timing of PDT after verteporfin injection. The pretreatment of recipients with PDT and i.v. verteporfin might be a promising new method to improve graft survival in high-risk eyes.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only