Purchase this article with an account.
Damien Guindolet, Emmanuel Crouzet, Zhiguo He, Pascal Herbepin, Clotilde Jumelle, Chantal Perrache, Jean Marc Dumollard, Fabien Forest, Michel Peoc'h, Philippe Gain, Eric Gabison, Gilles Thuret; Storage of Porcine Cornea in an Innovative Bioreactor. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(13):5907-5917. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-22218.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To quantify cell survival and tissue structure preservation of porcine cornea stored in a bioreactor (BR) that recreates a transcorneal pressure gradient equivalent to intraocular pressure (IOP) and renews the medium.
A BR comprising endothelial and epithelial chambers was machined in a biocompatible material. The porcine cornea, securely held, separated the chambers. Medium flow and pressure inside the endothelial chamber were maintained by a peristaltic pump. In the epithelial chamber, the corneal surface was alternatively exposed to air and a specific medium. Two transparent windows allowed thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography without opening the BR. Porcine corneas stored in the BR-on (pressure 20 mm Hg, flow 5 μL/min, temperature 31°C) were compared with (1) BR-off (no pressure or flow); (2) organ culture; and (3) Petri dish with agar on the endothelial side. Epithelial and limbal structure and differentiation, corneal transparency and thickness, and endothelial viability were compared after 7 days of storage and with fresh corneas.
Corneas stored in the BR-on were thinner and more transparent than those stored with the other methods. The BR-on preserved a stratified and differentiated (K3/K12+) corneal epithelium and undifferentiated basal limbal cells with stemness markers (K3/K12−; ABCB5, K14, p75+), as well as endothelial integrity.
By recreating equivalent IOP and medium renewal, the BR obtained unprecedented storage quality of porcine corneas and preserved their main epithelial, limbal, and endothelial characteristics.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only