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Yichao Li, Yikui Zhang, Sonia Chen, Gregory Vernon, Wai T. Wong, Haohua Qian; Light-Dependent OCT Structure Changes in Photoreceptor Degenerative rd 10 Mouse Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(2):1084-1094. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-23011.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to analyze the effects of light/dark adaptation in a mouse model of inherited photoreceptor degeneration (rd10), and to study dynamics of subretinal fluid during the progress of retinal degeneration.
rd10 and wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice were reared in cyclic light or darkness and imaged with Bioptigen UHR-OCT or Spectralis HRA+OCT after adaptation to either light or darkness.
OCT images from rd10 mice were analyzed at three progressive stages of degeneration. After light-adaptation, stage I (postnatal age [P]26–29) eyes demonstrated no apparent subretinal fluid. At stage II (P32–38), subretinal fluid was present and restricted to parapapillary area, while at stage III (P44–45) extensive subretinal fluid was present across many retinal areas. Following overnight dark-adaptation, WT eyes showed a large reduction in outer retinal thickness (4.6 ± 1.4 μm, n = 16), whereas this change was significantly smaller in stage I rd10 eyes (1.5 ± 0.5 μm, n = 14). In stage II rd10 eyes, dark-adaptation significantly reduced the extent of subretinal fluid, with the amount of reduction correlating with the amount of fluid pre-existing in the light-adapted state. However, dark-adaptation did not significantly alter the amount of subretinal fluid observed in stage III rd10 mice. In addition, dark-rearing of rd10 mice from P6 to P30 slowed retinal degeneration.
Visual experience in the form of light/dark adaptation exerts a significant effect on outer retinal structure in the context of photoreceptor degeneration. This effect may arise from light-dependent alterations in fluid transport across the RPE monolayer, and promote photoreceptor survival as induced by dark-rearing.
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