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Xin Wei, Shozo Sonoda, Chitaranjan Mishra, Neha Khandelwal, Ramasamy Kim, Taiji Sakamoto, Rupesh Agrawal; Comparison of Choroidal Vascularity Markers on Optical Coherence Tomography Using Two-Image Binarization Techniques. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(3):1206-1211. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22720.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare the agreement between optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based choroidal vascularity markers measured by two previously reported image binarization techniques.
Spectral-domain OCT using enhanced-depth imaging was performed in 100 eyes from 52 normal subjects. Choroidal images were binarized to luminal area and stromal area using two different algorithms. Choroidal vascularity marker was defined as the ratio of luminal area to total choroidal area and they were termed “luminal/choroidal area ratio (L/C ratio)” and “choroidal vascularity index (CVI)” per the algorithm. The agreement between choroidal vascularity markers measured by the two techniques was compared using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis.
The mean values of choroidal vascularity markers were 70.12% (range, 56.76%–78.55%) for CVI and 67.44% (range, 51.09%–81.31%) for L/C ratio. Low level of absolute agreement between the two binarization techniques was reflected by an adjusted ICC of 0.353 using linear mixed model with age, sex, and spherical equivalent as covariates.
There was discrepancy between measurements of choroidal vascularity using two commonly adopted image binarization techniques. It remained unclear what was the true choroidal vascularity and which binarization algorithm was more accurate. Future studies with enhanced image quality and improved image analysis algorithm are required to decipher the ground truth for choroidal vascularity.
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