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Ganesh Prasanna, Luciana Ferrara, Christopher Adams, Takeru Ehara, Byron Li, Louis Yang, Chuanxi Xiang, Christopher Thow Hing Ng, Sean Kim, Christopher Towler, Todd Topley, Cale McAllister, Malay Ghosh, Ronald Newton, Rebecca Stacy, Dennis S. Rice, Muneto Mogi; A Novel Selective Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Activator, MGV354, Lowers Intraocular Pressure in Preclinical Models, Following Topical Ocular Dosing. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(5):1704-1716. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-23772.
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The nitric oxide/soluble guanylate cyclase/protein kinase G (NO/sGC/PKG) is known to be involved in the regulation of intraocular pressure (IOP) and may be dysregulated in glaucoma. The purpose is to demonstrate that the sGC activator MGV354 lowers IOP in a monkey model of glaucoma and could be considered as a possible new clinical drug candidate.
Changes to cGMP were assessed in primary human trabecular meshwork (hNTM) cells and binding studies were conducted using human sGC full-length protein. Ocular safety tolerability, exposure, and efficacy studies were conducted in rabbit and monkey models following topical ocular dosing of MGV354.
sGC was highly expressed in the human and cynomolgus monkey outflow pathways. MGV354 had a 7-fold greater Bmax to oxidized sGC compared to that of reduced sGC and generated an 8- to 10-fold greater cGMP compared to that of a reduced condition in hTM cells. A single topical ocular dose with MGV354 caused a significant dose-dependent reduction of 20% to 40% (versus vehicle), lasting up to 6 hours in pigmented rabbits and 24 hours postdose in a cynomolgus monkey model of glaucoma. The MGV354-induced IOP lowering was sustained up to 7 days following once-daily dosing in a monkey model of glaucoma and was greater in magnitude compared to Travatan (travoprost)-induced IOP reduction. Mild to moderate ocular hyperemia was the main adverse effect noted.
MGV354 represents a novel class of sGC activators that can lower IOP in preclinical models of glaucoma. The potential for sGC activators to be used as effective IOP-lowering drugs in glaucoma patients could be further determined in clinical studies.
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