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David W. Collins, Harini V. Gudiseva, Venkata R. M. Chavali, Benjamin Trachtman, Meera Ramakrishnan, William T. Merritt III, Maxwell Pistilli, Rebecca A. Rossi, Stephanie Blachon, Prithvi S. Sankar, Eydie Miller-Ellis, Amanda Lehman, Victoria Addis, Joan M. O'Brien; The MT-CO1 V83I Polymorphism is a Risk Factor for Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma in African American Men. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(5):1751-1759. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-23277.
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We investigate the function of the V83I polymorphism (m.6150G>A, rs879053914) in the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (MT-CO1) gene and its role in African American (AA) primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
This study used Sanger sequencing (1339 cases, 850 controls), phenotypic characterization of Primary Open-Angle African American Glaucoma Genetics study (POAAGG) cases, a masked chart review of CO1 missense cases (V83I plus M117T, n = 29) versus wild type cases (n = 29), a yeast 2-hybrid (Y2H) cDNA library screen, and quantification of protein–protein interactions by Y2H and ELISA.
The association of V83I with POAG in AA was highly significant for men (odds ratio [OR] 6.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.0–21.3, P = 0.0001), but not for women (OR 1.1; 95% CI, 0.62–2.00, P = 0.78). POAG cases having CO1 double missense mutation (V83I + M117T, L1c2 haplogroup) had a higher cup-to-disc ratio (0.77 vs. 0.71, P = 0.04) and significantly worse visual function (average pattern standard deviation, 6.5 vs. 4.3, P = 0.009; average mean deviation −10.4 vs. −4.5, P = 0.006) when compared to matched wild type cases (L1b haplogroup). Interaction of the V83I region of CO1 with amyloid beta peptide (Aβ) was confirmed by ELISA assay, and this interaction was abrogated by V83I. A Y2H screen of an adult human brain cDNA library with the V83 region of CO1 as bait retrieved the UBQLN1 gene.
The V83I polymorphism was associated strongly with POAG in AA men and disrupts Aβ-binding to CO1. This region also interacts with a neuroprotective protein, UBQLN1.
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