Purchase this article with an account.
Rosália M. S. Antunes-Foschini, Jean V. A. L. Coutinho, Eduardo M. Rocha, Harley E. A. Bicas; Oculomotor Status, Binocular Vision, and Stereoacuity in a Series of Keratoconus Subjects. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(5):1869-1877. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23484.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
A group of keratoconus subjects (KG) and a control group (CG) were evaluated for sensory and motor status. We tried to clarify the factors (best-corrected visual acuity [BCVA]), heterophorias, fusional amplitude, anisometropia, astigmatism) that may be associated with a binocular disturbance.
BCVA (logMAR) was measured. Binocular vision was checked using cover tests, striate Maddox, and a 6Δ base-down prism (simultaneous perception), a prism bar (fusion and fusional convergence break point), and Titmus Fly Test (stereopsis).
Fifty-four subjects of the KG, 27 men (median 16 years), and 29 of the CG, 15 men (median 20 years), were evaluated. In the KG, 8 (15%) subjects had strabismus. Those whose BCVA in the worse eye was logMAR ≥0.7 had a significantly higher frequency of strabismus and absence of simultaneous perception. Spherical equivalent anisometropia ≥ 1.0 diopter (D) was significantly different in both groups as was the frequency of gross stereopsis. In comparing fine and gross stereopsis in both the KG and the CG, there was a significant difference in the frontal astigmatism between eyes in the KG (P = 0.03) and CG (P = 0.01).
In our study, the KG presented a higher frequency of strabismus and impaired binocular vision. Frontal astigmatism was different between groups with gross and fine stereopsis, in both the CG and KG. Future studies are needed to elucidate or reinforce the factors associated with the loss of binocularity in keratoconus. Testing for stereopsis may be helpful to consider in the treatment guidelines for keratoconus.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only