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Tanweer S. Zaidi, Tauqeer Zaidi, Gerald B. Pier; Antibodies to Conserved Surface Polysaccharides Protect Mice Against Bacterial Conjunctivitis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(6):2512-2519. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-23795.
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Bacterial conjunctivitis is a major problem in ocular health. Little is known about protective immune effectors in the conjunctiva. We evaluated whether opsonic antibody to the conserved surface/capsular polysaccharide poly-N-acetyl glucosamine (PNAG) expressed by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus was protective against bacterial conjunctivitis, as well as an antibody to the Pseudomonas aeruginosa surface polysaccharide alginate.
Bacteria were injected directly into the conjunctivae of either A/J mice or into conjunctivae of wild type C57Bl/6 mice for comparisons to responses of recombination activating gene 1-knock out (RAG 1 KO) or germ-free mice in the C57Bl/6 genetic background. Human IgG1 monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to either PNAG or alginate were administered as follows: direct injection of 10 μg into the conjunctivae or topical application onto the cornea 4, 24, and 32 hours post infection; or intraperitoneal injection of 200 μg 18 hours prior to and then 4, 24, and 32-hours postinfection. After 48 hours, eyes were scored for pathology, mice were euthanized, and CFU/conjunctiva was determined.
All methods of antibody administration reduced S. pneumoniae, S. aureus, or P. aeruginosa pathology and bacterial levels in the conjunctivae. Histopathologic analysis showed severe inflammatory cell infiltrates in conjunctivae of mice treated with control MAb, whereas immune mice showed only very mild cellular infiltration. The protective effect of MAb to PNAG was abolished in RAG 1 KO and germ-free mice.
Antibodies to both PNAG and alginate demonstrated therapeutic efficacy in models of S. pneumoniae, S. aureus, and P. aeruginosa conjunctivitis, validating the protective capacity of antibodies to surface polysaccharides in distinct ocular tissues.
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