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Enrico Borrelli, Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Alfonso Senatore, Michele Palmieri, Lisa Toto, SriniVas R. Sadda, Leonardo Mastropasqua; Impact of Choriocapillaris Flow on Multifocal Electroretinography in Intermediate Age-Related Macular Degeneration Eyes. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(4):AMD25-AMD30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-23943.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the relationship between perfusion of the choriocapillaris (CC) and macular function in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration.
In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional study, macular optical coherence tomography angiography images and multifocal electroretinograms were obtained in 20 eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration from 20 patients. The main outcome measures were (1) the percent nonperfused choriocapillaris area (PNPCA), which represents a measure of the total area of CC vascular dropout, and (2) the average size of the CC signal voids, which represent contiguous regions of CC dropout. Furthermore, amplitude and implicit time of multifocal electroretinograms N1 and P1 waves in the two central rings (R1 and R2) were included in the analysis.
Of the 20 patients enrolled, only 17 eyes from 17 patients (13 women) were included in this analysis. Three patients were excluded because of poor scan quality. Mean ± SD age was 75.1 ± 7.9 years (range, 62–89 years). The best corrected visual acuity was 0.17 ± 0.13 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution. In univariate analysis, both the PNPCA and average signal void size were found to have a significant direct relationship with N1 implicit time in the R2 ring (P = 0.006 and P = 0.035, respectively). Neither PNPCA nor the average signal void size was associated with P1 or N1 implicit times in R1.
In intermediate age-related macular degeneration eyes, PNPCA and average signal void size are related to N1 multifocal electroretinogram implicit times, which suggests an association between CC perfusion and photoreceptor function.
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