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Brad Fortune, Kelly N. Ma, Stuart K. Gardiner, Shaban Demirel, Steven L. Mansberger; Peripapillary Retinoschisis in Glaucoma: Association With Progression and OCT Signs of Müller Cell Involvement. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(7):2818-2827. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-24160.
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To examine demographic and clinical factors associated with glaucomatous peripapillary retinoschisis (PPRS) and assess its association with glaucoma progression.
Using a case control study design and longitudinal data from a cohort of 166 subjects with a diagnosis of glaucoma or glaucoma suspect, we compared functional, structural, clinical, and demographic characteristics between PPRS cases and controls.
The frequency of PPRS was 6.0% (12 eyes from 10/166 subjects) with two eyes having PPRS in different sectors for a total of 15 retinoschisis events. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in age, sex, visual acuity, central corneal thickness, intraocular pressure, or presence of vitreous adhesion between PPRS and controls. However, eyes with PPRS tended to have a higher cup-to-disc ratio (P = 0.06), thinner RNFL (P = 0.02), and worse visual field mean deviation (MD, P = 0.06) than controls. The rate of RNFL thinning was faster in PPRS (average: −2.8%/year; range: −7.4% to 0.0%/year) than controls (−1.3%/year; range: −4.4% to 0.6%/year; P = 0.021). The rate of visual field MD change was faster in PPRS (−0.49 dB/year; range: −2.0 to 0.9 dB/year) than controls (−0.06 dB/year; range: −0.8 to 0.3 dB/year; P = 0.030). OCT scans showed hyperreflective structures spanning the PPRS whose morphology and spacing (50 ± 7 μm) are consistent with Müller glia, causing signal attenuation casting “shadows” onto distal retina.
This is the first report showing that glaucomatous PPRS is associated with a faster overall rate of RNFL thinning and visual field deterioration and to specifically identify OCT signs of Müller cell involvement.
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