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Xiao Tian, Tongsong Wang, Songmei Zhang, Qian Wang, Xiaoli Hu, Cheng Ge, Lixin Xie, Qingjun Zhou; PEDF Reduces the Severity of Herpetic Simplex Keratitis in Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(7):2923-2931. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-23942.
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The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) and PEDF-derived peptides Mer44 and Mer34 on the severity of herpetic simplex keratitis (HSK) in mice.
Adult C57BL/6 mice were infected ocularly with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1, McKrae strain) and injected subconjunctivally with PEDF, Mer44, or Mer34. Corneal nerve degeneration, neovascularization, sensitivity, neutrophils, macrophages and CD4+ T-cell infiltration, virus contents, and expressions of VEGF, PEDF, and proinflammatory factors were evaluated during acute period. The direct inhibitory effect of PEDF on HSV-1 replication was further evaluated in cultured monkey Vero cells.
Following HSV-1 infection, corneal PEDF expression decreased at 3 and 7 days postinfection (dpi) but increased at 15 dpi, and returned to the similar level of normal mice at 45 dpi, which was accompanied with the progress of corneal nerve degeneration and neovascularization. Exogenous PEDF application attenuated corneal nerve degeneration and neovascularization and improved the impaired corneal sensitivity. Moreover, PEDF attenuated the neutrophils, but not macrophage or CD4+ T-cell infiltration, with the reduced expressions of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and VEGF. In addition, PEDF inhibited the replication of HSV-1 both in vitro and in mice. Mer44 attenuated corneal nerve degeneration more significantly than Mer34, whereas Mer34 inhibited corneal neovascularization.
PEDF and its derived peptides reduce the severity of herpetic simplex keratitis in mice, representing the potential therapeutic approach to control HSK lesions.
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