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Yaoming Liu, Yang Chen, Yayi Wang, Xinyu Zhang, Kai Gao, Shida Chen, Xiulan Zhang; microRNA Profiling in Glaucoma Eyes With Varying Degrees of Optic Neuropathy by Using Next-Generation Sequencing. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(7):2955-2966. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23599.
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To explore the microRNA (miRNA) profile and its putative role in glaucomatous optic neuropathy by using next-generation sequencing.
Aqueous humor (AH) samples were collected from 19 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes and 17 cataract eyes before surgery. Next-generation sequencing was performed for RNA samples extracted from 18 AH samples, and the bioinformatics approach was applied for samples with adequate clean data output. The other 18 samples were used for quantitative PCR validation of sequencing results.
In total, 12 (six POAG and six cataract controls) samples with sufficient clean data output after sequencing were used for further data analysis. Four hundred sixty-six and 480 mature miRNAs were detected in the POAG and cataract control groups, respectively. Among them, 164 miRNAs were detected in all POAG samples, and 96 miRNAs were detected in all cataract control samples. Furthermore, 88 miRNAs were identified as differently expressed between POAG and cataract control eyes. In addition, 16 miRNAs were differently expressed between POAG eyes with severe visual field damage and eyes with moderate visual field damage. This differential expression was predicted to regulate thiamine metabolism, purine metabolism, and transcriptional misregulation. Relative expression patterns of hsa-miR-184, hsa-miR-486-5p, and hsa-miR-93-5p were confirmed by quantitative PCR.
This study comprehensively demonstrated the miRNA expression profile in the AH of POAG eyes, especially the differential expression of miRNA in eyes with varying degrees of visual field damage, which, together with the underlying miRNA-related pathways, indicate new targets for the pathogenesis and progression of POAG.
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