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Akira Obana, Yuko Gohto, Hiroyuki Sasano, Werner Gellermann, Mohsen Sharifzadeh, Takahiko Seto, Paul S. Bernstein; Grade of Cataract and Its Influence on Measurement of Macular Pigment Optical Density Using Autofluorescence Imaging. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(7):3011-3019. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23699.
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To evaluate the influence of cataracts on measuring macular pigment optical density (MPOD) using a dual-wavelength confocal scanning autofluorescence imaging technique and to establish methods to compensate for the influence of cataracts.
This prospective case series comprised 100 eyes that underwent cataract surgery. Cataracts were graded based on the World Health Organization classification. MPOD levels were measured with the MPOD module of the Spectralis MultiColor instrument (Spectralis-MP), pre- and postoperatively. We investigated the relationship between change in MPOD values and age, cataract grade, and quality of autofluorescence images. Local MPOD levels were evaluated for four strategically chosen eccentricities within the macular region, and the total MPOD volume was evaluated within 8.98° eccentricity from the center.
MPOD levels could be obtained in 67 eyes before surgery. Local and volume MPOD levels were higher postoperatively relative to preoperatively in all eyes. The mean ratio of local MPOD levels after and before surgery (correction factor, CF) ranged from 1.42 to 1.77, with larger CFs required for eccentricities closer to the foveal center. The CF for the MPOD volume was 1.31. Age, grade of nuclear cataract (NUC), posterior subcapsular opacity, and image quality index (IQI) significantly contributed to CFs. For example, regression equation for CF at 0.23° = 0.17 + 0.16 × IQI + 0.29 × NUC grade + 0.01 × age (P < 0.001).
Cataracts affected MPOD measurements with the Spectralis-MP, but corrected MPOD results could be obtained via regression equations.
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