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Maria Vähätupa, Janika Nättinen, Antti Jylhä, Ulla Aapola, Marko Kataja, Peeter Kööbi, Tero A. H. Järvinen, Hannu Uusitalo, Hannele Uusitalo-Järvinen; SWATH-MS Proteomic Analysis of Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy Reveals Novel Potential Therapeutic Targets. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(8):3294-3306. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-23831.
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Oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) is the most widely used model for ischemic retinopathies such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and retinal vein occlusion (RVO). The purpose of this study was to perform the most comprehensive characterization of OIR by a recently developed technique, sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra (SWATH-MS) proteomics.
Control and OIR retina samples collected from various time points were subjected to SWATH-MS and detailed data analysis. Immunohistochemistry from mouse retinas as well as neovascular membranes from human PDR and RVO patients were used for the detection of the localization of the proteins showing altered expression in the retina and to address their relevance to human ischemic retinopathies.
We report the most extensive proteomic profiling of OIR to date by quantifying almost 3000 unique proteins and their expression differences between control and OIR retinas. Crystallins were the most prominent proteins induced by hypoxia in the retina, while angiogenesis related proteins such as Filamin A and nonmuscle myosin IIA stand out at the peak of angiogenesis. Majority of the changes in protein expression return to normal at P42, but there is evidence to suggest that proteins involved in neurotransmission remain at reduced level.
The results reveal new potential therapeutic targets to address hypoxia-induced pathological angiogenesis taking place in number of retinal diseases. The extensive proteomic profiling combined with pathway analysis also identifies novel molecular networks that could contribute to the pathogenesis of retinal diseases.
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