July 2018
Volume 59, Issue 9
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2018
119 loci influencing intraocular pressure provide new insight into primary open angle glaucoma susceptibility and age of onset.
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jamie E. Craig
    Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Alex W. Hewitt
    Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • David Mackey
    Centre for Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  • Stuart L Graham
    Department of Ophthalmology, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Paul R Healey
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Andrew JR White
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • John Landers
    Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Robert Casson
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Emmanuelle Souzeau
    Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Kathryn P Burdon
    Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • Puya Gharahkhani
    QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Stuart MacGregor
    QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2018, Vol.59, 1177. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      Jamie E. Craig, Alex W. Hewitt, David Mackey, Stuart L Graham, Paul R Healey, Andrew JR White, John Landers, Robert Casson, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Kathryn P Burdon, Puya Gharahkhani, Stuart MacGregor; 119 loci influencing intraocular pressure provide new insight into primary open angle glaucoma susceptibility and age of onset.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(9):1177.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To define common genetic variation and relevant pathways associated with intraocular pressure (IOP) in normal individuals, and determine their relevance to glaucoma.

Methods : A combined analysis of IOP in participants from the UK Biobank (N = 103914) and previously published data on IOP from the International Glaucoma Genetic Consortium ( N = 29578) was performed to identify genetic variation associated with IOP. Statistically significant independent regions associated with IOP were then evaluated for association with glaucoma in 11018 glaucoma cases and available controls. Gene based and pathways analyses were performed. An allele based score for glaucoma risk was evaluated in 1734 individuals with advanced glaucoma from the Australian and New Zealand Registry of Advanced Glaucoma (ANZRAG) to evaluate the magnitude of phenotypic effect.

Results : 101 statistically independent regions were identified which were associated with IOP at the level of genome-wide significance, of which 85 were previously unreported for either IOP or POAG. The majority (84) of identified IOP loci showed at least nominal evidence of association with POAG. Gene-based tests implicated a further 22 independent loci for IOP, with half of these also influencing glaucoma risk. Pathways analysis for the IOP loci uncovered significant associations for both suspected (extracellular matrix, collagen) and previously unreported (vascular development and cell migration) pathways, which were also significant in the glaucoma analysis. Using the derived allelic risk score for glaucoma in combination with previously identified POAG risk alleles showed that cases in the top decile of the allelic risk score were at increased risk (OR = 5.6; 95% CI 4.1-7.6) of advanced glaucoma relative to the bottom decile, and were diagnosed 7.4 years earlier.

Conclusions : Using normal population data for IOP can define new genes and pathways relevant not only to the regulation of IOP, but also to help define risk of severe visual loss from glaucoma, and age of onset in glaucoma in a dataset recruited independent of IOP.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2018 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, April 29 - May 3, 2018.

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