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Shoko Takahashi, Fumiki Okamoto, Shohei Morikawa, Yoshifumi Okamoto, Tetsuro Oshika; Clinical characteristics and visual outcomes of work-related open globe injuries. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(9):2310.
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To investigate clinical characteristics and visual outcomes of patients with work-related open globe injuries (OGIs), and to compare them with non-work-related OGIs.
Patients with work-related OGIs and non-work-related OGIs who presented to hospitals belonging to the Japan-Clinical Research of Study (J-CREST) group from 2005 to 2015 were included. Clinical information included patient age, gender, initial visual acuity, final visual acuity, type of open globe injury, lens status, zone of injury, wound length, and the presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, retinal detachment, expulsive hemorrhage, and endophthalmitis.
Overall 374 patients with OGIs were enrolled, of whom 170 had work-related OGIs. Eyes with work-related OGIs were associated with younger age, male, better initial and final visual acuity, more laceration, smaller wounds, the presence of retinal detachment, and expulsive hemorrhage in comparison with eyes with non-work-related OGIs. Multiple regression analysis revealed that final visual acuity was significantly associated with initial visual acuity, wound length, and the presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy in work-related OGIs.
Work-related OGIs showed better visual outcomes than other OGIs. Initial visual acuity, wound length, and the presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy were predictors of visual outcomes in patients with work-related OGIs.
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2018 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, April 29 - May 3, 2018.
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