July 2018
Volume 59, Issue 9
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2018
Acetylsalicylic acid reduces collagen contraction, remodelling and myofibroblast proliferation in subconjunctival tissue mimetic
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • James Jacob Armstrong
    Ophthalmology and Pathology, Schulich School of Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
  • James Denstedt
    Ophthalmology and Pathology, Schulich School of Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Cindy ML Hutnik
    Ophthalmology and Pathology, Schulich School of Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   James Armstrong, None; James Denstedt, None; Cindy Hutnik, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  Lawson Health Research Institute - Internal Research Fund
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2018, Vol.59, 2665. doi:
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      James Jacob Armstrong, James Denstedt, Cindy ML Hutnik; Acetylsalicylic acid reduces collagen contraction, remodelling and myofibroblast proliferation in subconjunctival tissue mimetic. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(9):2665.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Glaucoma surgery outcomes, traditional as well as MIGS, are hindered by inflammation-driven excessive wound healing responses. As such, perioperative corticosteroids are often used as a means to control pre-existing and/or surgically induced inflammation. NSAIDs are used to a lesser extent in glaucoma surgery, however are ubiquitous in cataract surgery. The more specific nature of COX1/2 inhibition by NSAIDs allows fewer unwanted side effects, such as steroid associated intra-ocular pressure (IOP) spikes. Long duration of action is beneficial for topically applied medications, as such, we assessed the efficacy of irreversible COX-1/2 inhibitor - acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) – to prevent collagen contraction, remodelling and myofibroblast proliferation in vitro.

Methods : Human Tenon’s capsule fibroblasts (HTCFs) were cultured within both restrained and unrestrained collagen matrices that were augmented with HTCF secretory proteins. In the unrestrained, contraction was measured hourly for 12hr, then daily for 4 days. After which total RNA was extracted for gene expression analysis. The restrained matrices were allowed to mature under self-imposed tension for 7 days, then fixed and sectioned for histological analysis.

Results : At all time points, contraction was significantly reduced by ASA (0.02%) compared to control (p < 0.001). This effect was dramatically increased by gentamicin (0.01%), such that combination treatment resulted in no contraction (p < 0.001). Expression of genes associated with fibroproliferation were reduced by treatment with ASA. Restrained matrices treated with ASA displayed significantly smaller, less dense staining collagen fibers compared to control (p < 0.01). Immunostaining for alpha smooth muscle actin and Ki67, indicating proliferating myofibroblasts, was increased in control sections versus those treated with ASA. TUNEL staining revealed comparable rates of cell death across treatment groups.

Conclusions : The results of this study demark acetylsalicylic acid as a candidate drug for perioperative inflammation control and wound healing modulation in glaucoma filtration surgery.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2018 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, April 29 - May 3, 2018.

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