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Felice Cardillo Piccolino, Marco Lupidi, Carlo Cagini, Daniela Fruttini, Massimo Nicolò, Chiara Maria Eandi, Silvia Tito; Choroidal Vascular Reactivity in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(10):3897-3905. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-23995.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) the choroidal vascular response to experimentally increased blood pressure in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
For this multicenter, observational, case-control study, we enrolled 35 patients with an established diagnose of CSCR and 25 age-matched healthy controls. All subjects underwent a handgrip isometric exercise to obtain elevation of blood pressure (BP). In the resting phase and during the physical effort, macular OCT-angiograms were acquired. Systemic hemodynamic data were recorded at baseline and during stress conditions using an electronic sphygmomanometer. The analysis of vascular density (VD) of the choriocapillaris (CC) was performed on OCT-angiograms. The results obtained in CSCR patients, both at baseline and during the stress test, were compared with those of healthy subjects.
Baseline and under stress values of systolic BP, diastolic BP, and mean arterial pressure were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in CSCR patients compared to controls, reaching values in the range of hypertension during the exercise. Baseline VD values of the CC were significantly lower (P < 0.05) in CSCR cases compared to healthy subjects. We noticed a significant increase (P < 0.05) in these values under stress condition in CSCR patients and not in controls.
The present study suggests that choroidal blood flow is dysregulated in CSCR. During physical stress, CSCR patients easily reach critical values of BP that are not dampened by compensatory mechanisms in the choroidal vessels, as it happens in healthy subjects. The CC in CSCR could be particularly vulnerable to variations of systemic hemodynamics.
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