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Daizong Wen, Qi Li, Benhao Song, Ruixue Tu, Qinmei Wang, David P. S. O'Brart, Colm McAlinden, Jinhai Huang; Comparison of Standard Versus Accelerated Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking for Keratoconus: A Meta-Analysis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(10):3920-3931. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-24656.
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To systematically compare epithelial-off standard (SCXL) to accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) for the treatment of keratoconus.
PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the US trial registry were searched for trials comparing SCXL and ACXL for keratoconus up to October 2017. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Primary outcomes were changes in uncorrected distance visual acuity, maximum keratometry (Kmax), and mean keratometry (mean K). Secondary outcomes were changes in corrected distance visual acuity, mean refractive spherical equivalent, central corneal thickness (CCT), and endothelial cell density (ECD).
Eleven trials were included. For primary outcomes, SCXL showed a greater reduction in Kmax (SMD 0.32; 95% CI 0.16, 0.48) than ACXL. For secondary outcomes, the decrease in CCT (SMD 0.32; 95% CI 0.03, 0.61) and ECD (SMD 0.26; 95% CI 0.06, 0.46) was less with ACXL than with SCXL. For the other outcomes, there were no statistically significant differences.
SCXL has a greater effect in terms of reduction in Kmax than ACXL, while ACXL induces less reduction in CCT and ECD than SCXL. Further well-designed randomized controlled trials comparing ACXL and SCXL are indicated.
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