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Ying-Zi Xiong, Ethan A. Lorsung, John Stephen Mansfield, Charles Bigelow, Gordon E. Legge; Fonts Designed for Macular Degeneration: Impact on Reading. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(10):4182-4189. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-24334.
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People with macular degeneration (MD) experience difficulties in reading due to central-field loss. Two new fonts, Eido and Maxular Rx, have been designed specifically for individuals with MD. We have compared reading performance of these new fonts with three mainstream fonts (Times-Roman, Courier, and Helvetica).
Subjects with MD (n = 19) and normally sighted subjects (n = 40) were tested with digital versions of the MNREAD test using the five fonts. Maximum reading speed (MRS), critical print size (CPS), and reading acuity (RA) were estimated to characterize reading performance. Physical properties of the fonts were quantified by interletter spacing and perimetric complexity.
Reading with MD showed font differences in MRS, CPS, and RA. Compared with Helvetica and Times, Maxular Rx permitted both smaller CPS and RA, and Eido permitted smaller RA. However, the two new fonts presented no advantage over Courier. Spacing, but not Complexity, was a significant predictor of reading performance for subjects with MD.
The two fonts, designed specifically for MD, permit smaller print to be read, but provide no advantage over Courier.
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