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Gabrielle Gomart, Julie Denis, Tristan Bourcier, Anne Dory, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Ermanno Candolfi, Arnaud Sauer; In Vitro Amoebicidal Activity of Titanium Dioxide/UV-A Combination Against Acanthamoeba. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(11):4567-4571. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-25003.
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To assess the amoebicidal effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2)/UV-A combination against Acanthamoeba sp trophozoites and cysts.
The amoebicidal effect of the TiO2/UV-A combination was tested on trophozoites and cysts of clinical isolates of Acanthamoeba hatchetti and Acanthamoeba sp genotype T4, obtained from two severe cases of ulcerative keratitis. Samples of cultured Acanthamoeba were transferred to a 96-well plate. We tested the effect of sterile water (blank control), TiO2 alone, UV-A alone, TiO2 and additional UV-A exposure, chlorhexidine 0.02% alone, chlorhexidine 0.02% and TiO2, chlorhexidine and UV-A, chlorhexidine 0.02% and TiO2, and additional UV-A exposure. Cell viability assessment was done using the trypan blue dye exclusion method.
The combination of TiO2 with UV-A demonstrated antitrophozoite and anticyst activity (P < 0.05). This in vitro study showed a synergistic effect of the association of chlorhexidine with TiO2 and UV-A on cysts (P < 0.001).
Given the in vitro synergistic effectiveness of the association of chlorhexidine with TiO2 and UV-A against cysts, the treatment of Acanthamoeba keratitis could be improved by this new therapeutic approach.
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