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Shenglan Yi, Rui Chang, Jianping Hu, Yiguo Qiu, Qingfeng Wang, Qingfeng Cao, Gangxiang Yuan, Guannan Su, Chunjiang Zhou, Yao Wang, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang; Disabled-2 (DAB2) Overexpression Inhibits Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells' Function in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(11):4662-4669. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-24630.
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Recent studies reported that the tumor suppressor disabled-2 (DAB2) is a negative regulator of immune function. In this study, we investigated the role of DAB2 in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) from Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) patients.
The mRNA and protein levels of DAB2 were quantified by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. The Sequenom MassARRAY system was used to detect the promoter methylation level. An adenovirus carrying the DAB2 gene was transduced into immature DCs, isolated, and induced from active VKH patients. The surface markers of DCs, the frequency of T helper (Th) type 1 (Th1) and Th17 cells in CD4+T cells, which were cocultured with DCs, were tested by flow cytometry. ELISA was used to analyze the inflammatory cytokines produced by DC and CD4+T cell cocultures.
The mRNA and protein expression levels of DAB2 in DCs obtained from active VKH patients were decreased, while the DAB2 promoter methylation level was marginally increased when compared with inactive VKH patients and normal controls. The expression of CD86 on DCs was significantly downregulated by DAB2 overexpression. The DC-related inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α were also decreased. The frequency of Th1 and Th17 cells and their related cytokines were reduced significantly after coculture with DAB2 overexpressing DCs. DAB2 overexpression did not affect autophagy in DCs from VKH patients.
These results suggest that the decreased expression of DAB2 in DCs plays a role in the pathogenesis of VKH disease. DAB2 overexpression inhibits DC function, but this is not mediated via autophagy.
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