Purchase this article with an account.
Alexandra Gogola, Ning-Jiun Jan, Kira L. Lathrop, Ian A. Sigal; Radial and Circumferential Collagen Fibers Are a Feature of the Peripapillary Sclera of Human, Monkey, Pig, Cow, Goat, and Sheep. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(12):4763-4774. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-25025.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To test the hypothesis that human, monkey, pig, sheep, cow, and goat eyes exhibit circumferential, radial, and interweaving collagen architecture in the posterior sclera.
We analyzed 1,327 cryosections from the posterior poles of 4 human, 4 monkey, 5 pig, 8 sheep, 1 goat, and 2 cow eyes. Images were acquired using polarized light microscopy and processed to obtain polar fiber orientations relative to the center of the canal. Circumferential, radial, and interweaving regions were identified and analyzed for mean fiber orientation and anisotropy and region width and thickness.
Every eye exhibited circumferential, radial, and interweaving fibers in consistent locations. Radial fibers extended out from near the canal into the peripapillary and peripheral sclera in the innermost sclera. Circumferential fibers were directly adjacent to the canal and most prevalent in the outermost, posterior sclera. Interweaving fibers were found throughout the sclera thickness. Across all species, median anisotropy in the radial, circumferential, and interweaving regions were 0.95, 0.96, and 0.28, respectively.
Regions of radial, circumferential, and interweaving fibers occur in the posterior pole sclera of human, monkey, pig, sheep, cow, and goat eyes. The consistency across species in scleral architecture suggests that they are primary organizational components whose functions should be better understood.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only