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Wen Wen, Sujia Wu, Shu Wang, Leilei Zou, Yan Liu, Rui Liu, Peng Zhang, Sheng He, Hong Liu; A Novel Dichoptic Optokinetic Nystagmus Paradigm to Quantify Interocular Suppression in Monocular Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(12):4775-4782. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23661.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To develop a novel dichoptic optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) paradigm and investigate its effectiveness in objectively quantifying the interocular suppression in subjects with monocular amblyopia.
Centripetal moving gratings with different contrast ratios and constant velocity were dichoptically presented to eight monocular anisometropic amblyopes and eight normal subjects. We analyzed the OKN records with an eye tracker (EyeLink; SR-Research, Ontario, Canada) to obtain the relationship between ocular-dominance of OKN and the interocular contrast ratio by fitting power curves, and examined the correlation between the effective contrast ratio for a balanced OKN and the visual acuity of the amblyopic eye in amblyopes.
In normal subjects, the OKN pursuit times were roughly balanced for opposite directions when stimulated with centripetal gratings of same contrast; however, in amblyopes, the OKN pursuit times of the dominant eye exceeded that of the amblyopic eye. Increasing the contrast of one eye's grating led to an increase in its OKN dominance. The OKN directional ratio (y) could be well fitted by a power function of the interocular contrast ratio (x): y = axb. Moreover, in amblyopes, the effective contrast ratio (xb) for a balanced OKN correlated significantly positively with the visual acuity of the amblyopic eye (Spearman's correlation coefficient, 0.9698).
The OKN induced by dichoptic gratings moving centripetally could be used as a reliable measure to objectively quantify the interocular suppression. This paradigm, avoiding the need for subjective report from patients, offers a promising alternative index for research on the mechanisms of amblyopia and in clinical practice.
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