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Esam T. Ahmed Mohamed, Jean-Marc Perone, Sebastian Brand, Michael Koegel, Nico F. Declercq; Scanning Acoustic Microscopy Comparison of Descemet's Membrane Normal Tissue and Tissue With Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(13):5627-5632. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-25516.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To describe the application of scanning acoustic microscopy in the GHz-range (GHz-SAM) for qualitative imaging and quantitative characterization of the micromechanical properties of the Descemet's membrane and endothelial cells of cornea tissue.
Investigated were samples of a normal tissue and a tissue with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FECD, cornea Guttata). Descemet's membranes were fixed on glass substrates and imaged utilizing a focused acoustic lens operating at a center frequency of 1 GHz.
GHz-SAM data, based on the well-established V(z) technique, revealed discrepancies in the velocity of the propagation of Rayleigh surface acoustic waves (RSAW). RSAW were found to be slower in glass substrates with FECD samples than in the same glass substrates (soda-lime) with normal Descemet membrane, which indicates lower shear and bulk moduli of elasticity in tissues affected by FECD.
Noninvasive/nondestructive GHz-SAM, is utilized in this study for the imaging and characterization of Descemet membranes, fixated on glass substrates. V(z) signatures containing sufficient oscillations were obtained for the system of Descemet membranes on glass substrates. The observed variation in the microelastic properties indicates potential for further investigations with GHz-SAM based on the V(z) technique.
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