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Minako Kaido; Functional Visual Acuity. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(14):DES29-DES35. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-23721.
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Dry eye (DE) causes irregularity of the ocular surface and reduces the quality of vision. An intact, regular tear film is essential for high-quality retinal images; however, visual tasks requiring sustained gazing can disrupt the tear film, eventually degrading visual function. A functional visual acuity (FVA) measurement system has been uniquely developed in Japan to evaluate visual function related to tear stability in patients with DE. FVA has been shown to correlate with optical quality. The system measures the change in visual acuity (VA) over time automatically in aqueous-deficient DE and short tear breakup tear film DE characterized by decreased tear stability and minimal epithelial damage. It is also useful to detect minimal visual deterioration correlated with minimal ocular surface abnormality and vision-related quality of life otherwise undetectable by conventional VA testing, to assess and quantify vision-related symptomatology, and to determine the efficacy of treatments for DE disease. Recently, its use has been expanded, such as for the analysis of visual function accompanying refractive surgery, contact lens, cataract and cataract-related disease, retinal disease, glaucoma, amblyopia, presbyopia, and vehicle driving. Its use has revealed that FVA reflects not only visual function related to tear dynamics, but also visual function related to quick recognition of the target. This simple, noninvasive, and sensitive FVA measurement system may be expected to be used worldwide.
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