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Shizuka Koh; Irregular Astigmatism and Higher-Order Aberrations in Eyes With Dry Eye Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(14):DES36-DES40. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-23500.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Visual disturbances were included in the definition of dry eye disease in the 2007 Dry Eye Workshop report. As a result, quality of vision (QoV) in dry eye patients has received increased attention. Corneal topography and wavefront sensors have been used to objectively and quantitatively evaluate optical quality, with data showing increases in irregular astigmatism and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in dry eye patients. Furthermore, ocular optical characteristics are influenced by the tear film, which constantly fluctuates over time. Therefore, dynamic quantitative assessments of optical quality with continuous measurements are essential to understanding QoV in dry eye patients. This review summarizes what is known and what advances have been made in evaluating and understanding QoV in dry eye patients. In particular, corneal topographic and wavefront analyses, conducted both overseas and in Japan, are described.
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