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Susumu Sakimoto, Tomoyuki Okazaki, Shinichi Usui, Tomoyuki Ishibashi, Yoshihito Oura, Kentaro Nishida, Atsuya Miki, Ryo Kawasaki, Kenji Matsushita, Hirokazu Sakaguchi, Kohji Nishida; Cross-Sectional Imaging Analysis of Epiretinal Membrane Involvement in Unilateral Open-Angle Glaucoma Severity. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(15):5745-5751. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-25292.
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To determine the relevance of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and potential risk for glaucoma severity.
Sixty eyes of 30 patients with POAG who had a unilateral ERM were analyzed; 60 nonglaucomatous eyes of 30 patients with a unilateral ERM also were recruited in this institutional cross-sectional study. Patients underwent swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and visual field testing. Intraindividual differences in the SS-OCT retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) disc cupping area measurements and visual field outcomes were analyzed in the two groups.
In patients with POAG, the mean circumpapillary RNFL thickness in the eyes with an ERM was 75.6 ± 16.5 μm superiorly and 71.8 ± 26.0 inferiorly compared with the fellow eyes without an ERM (87.2 ± 23.6 μm, P = 0.0061 and 81.3 ± 27.7 μm, P = 0.034, respectively). The areas of disc cupping and cup-to-disc ratio seen on OCT horizontal and vertical B-scans were larger in eyes with an ERM than in the fellow eyes without ERM (P = 0.0004 and P = 0.0011, respectively). The average mean deviations were −11.6 ± 7.5 dB in the ERM group and −8.19 ± 6.4 dB in the group with no ERM (P = 0.029). Eyes with an ERM received more antiglaucoma eye drops (P = 0.018). Those differences were not seen between eyes with an ERM or fellow eyes in patients without glaucoma.
The presence of an ERM can be a potential risk factor for unilateral severity in eyes with POAG.
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