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Wenmin Sun, Xueshan Xiao, Shiqiang Li, Xiaoyun Jia, Panfeng Wang, Qingjiong Zhang; Germline Mutations in CTNNB1 Associated With Syndromic FEVR or Norrie Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(1):93-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-25142.
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Germline and somatic mutations in CTNNB1 have been found in different types of human diseases. This follow-up study aimed to identify causative germline mutations in CTNNB1 and their associated ocular phenotypes through a comparative analysis of whole-exome sequencing data.
Annotated sequence variations in CTNNB1 were selected from in-house data from whole-exome sequencing of genomic DNA prepared from leucocytes of 3280 unrelated probands with different forms of eye diseases. Potentially pathogenic variants in CTNNB1 were analyzed by multistep bioinformatics analyses. Clinical data from probands with pathogenic variants in CTNNB1 were collected, and potential genotype-phenotype correlations were analyzed.
Eleven rare variants that potentially affect the coding regions of CTNNB1 were detected in 11 of the 3280 samples, and four variants were considered to be potentially pathogenic. All four mutations, namely, c.999delC (p.Tyr333*), c.1104delT (p.His369Thrfs*2), c.1738_1742delinsACA (p.Leu580Thrfs*28), and c.1867C>T (p.Gln623*), were heterozygotes and considered to have a germline origin. Three of the four mutations are de novo mutations, and the status of the remaining mutation is unavailable. All four probands had the same class of closely related ocular diseases: one proband had FEVR, and three probands had Norrie-like retinopathy. The molecular results indicated that three probands showed systemic anomalies, as demonstrated by a follow-up survey, but relevant information for the remaining proband was unavailable.
The data suggest that germline truncating mutations in CTNNB1 cause autosomal dominant syndromic FEVR or Norrie disease. Patients with mutations in CTNNB1, KIF11, or NDP may have similar or overlapping phenotypes, but this phenomenon needs to be studied further.
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