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Tatsuya Yoshitake, Tomaoki Murakami, Shin Yoshitake, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Yoko Dodo, Masahiro Fujimoto, Akitaka Tsujikawa; Anti-Fumarase Antibody as a Predictor of Functional Efficacy of Anti-VEGF Therapy for Diabetic Macular Edema. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(2):787-794. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-26209.
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To evaluate whether baseline titers of anti-fumarase antibody are associated with visual prognosis after anti-VEGF treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME).
In this retrospective study, we investigated 52 eyes of 52 DME patients who received intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF drugs (ranibizumab or aflibercept) after blood sampling at baseline. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) images were obtained at every monthly visit. The serum titer of anti-fumarase antibody at baseline was measured using ELISA. We evaluated the relationship between the titer of anti-fumarase antibody at baseline and visual acuity (VA) improvement at 12 months.
The serum titer of anti-fumarase IgG was related to the logMAR visual acuity (VA; R = 0.329, P = 0.017) and the disrupted ellipsoid zone (EZ; R = 0.364, P = 0.008) at baseline. The titer of this autoantibody was not associated with logMAR VA (R = −0.007, P = 0.980) but was associated with VA improvement (R = 0.465, P < 0.001) at 12 months upon anti-VEGF treatment. The transverse length of the disrupted EZ line was shortened at 12 months (P < 0.001), and restoration of the EZ line was correlated to the autoantibody titer (R = 0.396, P = 0.004) compared with the decrease in central subfield (CSF) thickness. Multivariate analysis showed that pretreatment logMAR VA (β = 0.296, P = 0.045) and the autoantibody titer (β = 0.328, P = 0.017) were associated with VA improvement after anti-VEGF treatment. In contrast, the titer was not associated with logMAR VA at 12 months.
Anti-fumarase antibody is a novel serum biomarker predicting better functional efficacy of anti-VEGF treatment for DME.
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