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Min Chen, Xiaoning Yu, Jia Xu, Jian Ma, Xinyi Chen, Binbin Chen, Yuxiang Gu, Kaijun Wang; Association of Gene Polymorphisms With Primary Open Angle Glaucoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(4):1105-1121. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-25922.
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To confirm the association of all reported common polymorphisms with POAG.
We searched in PubMed and Web of Science (up to January 10, 2018) for genetic studies of POAG. All case control studies investigating the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and POAG risk were included. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by fixed- or random-effect model.
This meta-analysis included 108 case control studies involving 35,389 POAG patients and 51,742 controls. The pooled results showed a significant association between 20 SNPs in 12 genes (148Asp/Glu in APE1 gene; rs449647 in APOE gene; rs1052990 and rs4236601 in CAV1/CAV2 gene; rs1799750 in MMP gene; c.603T3A (Met98Lys) in OPTN gene; rs7081455 in PLXDC2 gene; rs1279683 in SLC23A2 gene; 372 T/C in TIMP1 gene; rs1927911, rs2149356, rs4986791, rs7037117, and rs10759930 in TLR4 gene; rs4656461 in TMCO1 gene; 399Arg/Gln in XRCC1 gene; and rs540782, rs547984, and rs693421 in ZP4 gene) with POAG.
Based on the current meta-analysis, we indicate 20 SNPs in 12 genes (APE1, APOE, CAV1/CAV2, MMP, OPTN, PLXDC2, SLC23A2, TIMP1, TLR4, TMCO1, XRCC1, ZP4) as predictive risk factors for POAG. More studies with large sample sizes and various ethnicities are warranted in the future to provide more powerful evidence.
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