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Edmund Arthur, Ann E. Elsner, Kaitlyn A. Sapoznik, Joel A. Papay, Matthew S. Muller, Stephen A. Burns; Distances From Capillaries to Arterioles or Venules Measured Using OCTA and AOSLO. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(6):1833-1844. doi: 10.1167/iovs.18-25294.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate distances from retinal capillaries to arterioles or venules noninvasively.
An adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imager acquired detailed maps of retinal vasculature. Using OCTA, we quantified the distance from the edge of an arteriole or venule to the middle of the nearest capillaries (periarteriole or perivenule capillary-free zones, respectively) within the superficial vascular plexus of 20 young healthy subjects with normal axial lengths. These distances were compared to AOSLO images for three subjects. We tested the relation between the peripheral capillary-free zones and FAZ horizontal, vertical, effective diameters, and asymmetry indices in the deep vascular plexus. We examined enlargement with OCTA of capillary-free zones in a type 2 diabetic patient.
The periarteriole capillary-free zone (67.2 ± 25.3 μm) was readily visible and larger than the perivenule capillary-free zone (42.7 ± 14.4 μm), F(1, 998) = 771, P < 0.0001. The distance from foveal center (P = 0.003) and diameter (P = 0.048) were predictive of perivenule capillary-free zone values. OCTA and AOSLO corresponded for arterioles. FAZ effective diameter was positively associated with asymmetry indices, r = 0.49, P = 0.028, but not peripheral capillary-free zones, although focal enlargements were found in a diabetic patient.
For normal retinas, periarteriole and perivenule capillary-free zones are readily visible with OCTA and AOSLO. Periarteriole capillary-free zones were larger, consistent with arterioles carrying oxygen rich blood that diffuses to support the retina.
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