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Daehwan Shin, Joon Mo Kim, Jeong Hun Bae, Ki Ho Park; The relationship between coffee consumption and open angle glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):1963.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Caffeine is a widely consumed ingredient in many beverages worldwide. There are conflicting results on its effect on glaucoma. The caffeine effect can be different according to individuals or ethnicities. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between consumption of coffee, tea or soda and glaucoma based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
A population-based, cross-sectional survey was performed between 2010 and 2011, and a total of 7,608 participants were included in the analyses. Data on demographics, comorbidities, and health-related behaviors were obtained, and comprehensive ophthalmic examinations were performed. Multivariate regression analysis (adjusting for age, sex, diabetes, systemic hypertension, body mass index, smoking status and alcohol consumption) was used to assess the correlation between consumption of coffee, tea or soda and the development of open angle glaucoma (OAG).
There was no significant difference in the intraocular pressure among the consumers of three beverages. Coffee consumption showed a statistically significant relationship with the presence of OAG, while no significant relationship was found between consumption of tea or soda and OAG. Compared with participants who didn’t consume coffee, the adjusted odds ratio for OAG was 2.11 (95% CI, 1.19 ~ 3.14) for those who consume coffee. The robust effect of coffee consumption on OAG was observed in male, though not in female.
Coffee consumption may affect the development of glaucoma, particularly in male, and limitation of drinking coffee could be helpful for decreasing the risk of the development of glaucoma. Further studies are needed to evaluate the exact underlying mechanisms.
This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.
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