July 2019
Volume 60, Issue 9
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   July 2019
Association between Oral Health Levels and Diabetic Retinopathy in a Representative Korean Population
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jaeyoun Seol
    Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Pusan University, Pusan, Pusan, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Sung Kun Chung
    Ophthalmology, Saevit Eye Hospital, Goyang, Gyounggido, Korea (the Republic of)
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Jaeyoun Seol, None; Sung Kun Chung, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  NA
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 2019, Vol.60, 3946. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Jaeyoun Seol, Sung Kun Chung; Association between Oral Health Levels and Diabetic Retinopathy in a Representative Korean Population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2019;60(9):3946.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements

Purpose : To investigate the association oral health and diabetic retinopathy (DR)

Methods : A population-based cross-sectional study using a nation-wide, systemically stratified, multistage, clustered sampling method included a total of 14,975 subjects aged ≥40 years who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008–2012. All participants participated in standardized interviews including subjective oral health status and comprehensive ophthalmic examinations. Subjective oral health status was categorized into three levels: good, average, poor. Seven standard retinal fundus photographs were obtained from both eyes after pupil dilatation. DR was graded according to the modified Airlie House classification system.

Results : The prevalence of any DR according to oral health status was 8.0%, 29.2%, and 62.8% for good, average, and poor oral health status, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, including age, sex, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c levels, and hypertension, the odds ratios (OR) for any DR and vision threatening DR of bad oral health status compared to good oral health status was 2.36 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25–4.44), and 1.36 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.48–3.83).

Conclusions : The result of the present study implicated that poor oral health status can be associated with the presence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with diabetes. This study warrants a comprehensive plan that involves close collaboration between ophthalmologists and oral health care providers,

This abstract was presented at the 2019 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Vancouver, Canada, April 28 - May 2, 2019.


This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.